Walp.) Cowpea is a food of major importance for millions of people, especially in less developed countries of the tropics, being the major source of protein and carbohydrate dietary of the large part of the world population. It includes pictorial keys of economic aphids by crop and species, and details on aphid pests for grain, alfalfa, potato and soybean crops. Aphids ( Aphis craccivora Koch) are an important vegetative stage pest of cowpea in Africa. Despite the importance of cowpea in Gombe State’s nutritional and economic value, … -$,% Pasquet, R.S. Given the importance of cowpea [Vignaunguiculata(L)Walp] in fighting malnutrition and poverty, a socio-economic assessment of cowpea diversity found on the Ghanaian market is an important grain legume, a major staple food crop for household nutrition in sub-Saharan Africa, especially in the dry savanna regions of Nigeria. Keywords. Offers Health & Shine to Hair. Cowpea is a significant source of protein for over 200 million people in Sub-Saharan Africa and especially important to those that live under $2 a day (Langyintuo et al. From maintaining the health of our tresses to make them shiny, these small beans can do almost each and everything. Bradyrhizobium japonicum. WILD COWPEA (VIGNA UNGUICULATA) EVOLUTION REMYS. The importance of cowpea Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. While the beans are the primary focus of the cowpea plant, the leaves, pea pods, and green peas are also edible and can deliver a powerful burst of nutrients and minerals to the human body. 2003, Thomson 2008).Insect attack, both in the field and in storage, can cause significant loss of the crop. Economic benefits of . In: Pickersgill B, Lock JM (eds) Advances in Legume Systematics 8: Legumes of Economic Importance. Being an excellent source of antioxidants, cowpea is quite effective for our hair too. pests that attack cowpea across Gombe State in Northeastern Nigeria, was carried out in order to assess the abundance and diversity of insects associated with pulses in farmers’ field. Therefore, their widespread adoption would improve food security and break the vicious cycle of poverty among Burkina Faso producers. 5, No. American Journal of Research Communication, 2009). Effects of Planting Dates on Pest Infestation, Yield and Harvest Quality of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) - Volume 18 Issue 3 - M. I. Ezueh Skip to main content Accessibility help We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites. Check out the benefits of cowpeas for your healthy hair. Cowpea’s high protein content, its adaptability to different types of soil and inter-cropping systems, its resistance to drought, and its ability to improve soil fertility and prevent erosion, makes it an important economic crop in many developing regions. Yield, number of pods, seed per pod, 100-seed weight, nodulation, BNF {Citation: Daniel Nyoki, Patrick A. Ndakidemi. is an important grain legume in the semi-arid zone of West Africa as it is a major source of dietary protein for the people. Considering this importance of cowpea, Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth Dapoli, has developed and released cowpea variety Konkan Sadabahar which is moderate in yield from 10 to 13 quintal ha-1. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK, pp 89–93 Google Scholar Vaillancourt RE, Weeden NF, Barnard JD (1993) Isozyme diversity in the cowpea species complex. Benefits of Cowpea for Hair. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna.Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. Plant resistance is defined as the genetically inherited traits in a plant of a population, or a line or variety of a certain species, resulting in less damage than in susceptible individuals that lack these genetic traits. The economic importance of cowpea to Northeastern Brazil, and the frequent presence of Fusarium spp., has stimulated our interest to know which species occur in cowpea seeds and their role as possible agents of plant disease, under conditions of Pernambuco State. Despite the economic importance of cowpea crop, many farmers still use seeds from the informal seed systems and mainly the farm-saved seeds. Lock (editors). Cowpea is an inexpensive, high quality source of protein of major importance to the nutrition of poor rural households in sub-humid and semi-arid areas of sub-Saharan Africa (Singh et al., 2003) where improving food security and household income has proved difficult. (2019). cowpea. MT 200503 AG issued 4/05 B-22 Aphids of Economic Importance in Montana by Cecil I. Tharp, Sue L. Blodgett and Patricia M. Denke, inoculation and phosphorus supplementation in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp) grown in northern Tanzania. It is usually grown as an intercrop with the major cereals, namely millet and sorghum. The Cowpea Weevil, Callosobruchus chinensis (L.), has been distributed by commerce and now breeds throughout most of the tropics and sub-tropics, although in the southern part of Africa it is replaced by C. rhodesianus (Pic). 1, 1615718. 12. In this context, studies of plant resistance may be of paramount importance to find other strategies to control S. frugiperda in cowpea (Fazolin et al. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata [L.] Walp.) It can cause losses of 20–80% on the harvests of cowpeas. It plays an important role in human nutrition, food security, and income generation for both farmers and food vendors in the region. Islam et al. But the constant presence of the disease across Africa coupled with a wide host range, the potential heavy Even though cowpea is grown in the semi arid zone of Nigeria, it has gained significant economic importance all over Nigeria [11]. COWPEA Botanical Name -Vigna anguiculata Synonymous - Lobia, Barbati, Black eyed pea Origin -Africa Importance This crop is known as drought hardy nature, its wide and droopy leaves keeps soils and soil moisture conserved due to shading effect. The objective was to investigate emerging consumer preference for cowpea and make recommendations for the development of tailor-made varieties. In culinary traditions, cowpeas were important complementary dietary items to traditional grain-based meals, as they are packed with protein. Area under cowpea in Maharashtra was 11,800 ha with an average productivity of 400 kg ha-1 (Anonymous, 2012). (2006) emphasized that all parts of the plant used as food are nutritious providing protein and vitamins, immature pods and peas 2.2 Cowpea Production 15 2.2.1 Economic importance of cowpea production 15 2.2.2 Determinants of cowpea production 18 2.3 The Concept of Smallholder Farming 18 2.4 Agricultural Productivity 20 2.4.1 Definitions and concepts of agricultural productivity 20 2.4.2 Measurement of agricultural productivity 22 2.5 Market Participation 23 Royal Botanic Gardens, ICew. Advances in Legume Systematics 8: Legumes of Economic Importance, pp. Economic importance of chickpea: Production, value, and world trade. Despite its importance, its yields are very low due to several constraints including Given the importance of cowpea [Vignaunguiculata(L)Walp] in fighting malnutrition and poverty, a socio-economic assessment of cowpea diversity found on the Ghanaian market was conducted. some of the improved varieties of cowpea are given here Cogent Food & Agriculture: Vol. Maruca vitrata is a pantropical insect pest of leguminous crops like pigeon pea, cowpea, mung bean and soybean.Its common names include the maruca pod borer, bean pod borer, soybean pod borer, mung moth, and the legume pod borer.The species was first described by Johan Christian Fabricius in 1787.. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata [L.] Walp) is grain legume originated in the African continent with large economic and social importance in the developing world. Cowpea is of major importance to the livelihoods of millions of relatively poor people in less developed countries of the tropics (FAO, 2002). 95-100. [ Read: Niacin Uses] 13. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is a very important food leguminous grain in the dry savannah of tropical Africa for both rural and urban dwellers [10]. Given the importance of cowpea [Vignaunguiculata(L)Walp] in fighting malnutrition and poverty, a socio‐economic assessment of cowpea diversity found on the Ghanaian market was conducted.The objective was to investigate emerging consumer preference for cowpea and make recommendations for the development of tailor‐made varieties. Southern farmers embraced the pea enthusiastically and through the years many varieties were developed, some becoming regional favorites, but little known elsewhere. cowpea is used for fodder and for vegetables. Cowpea also known as Vigna unguiculata is a legume of the family Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae. 3. It is also known as Bachapin Bean, Southern Pea Black Eyed Cowpea, Black Eyed Dolichos, Poona Pea Black-Eyed Pea, Rope Bean Black-Eyed Bean, Red Pea China Bean, Marble Pea, Common Cowpea, Macassar Bean, Cowgram, Cowpea, Kafir Bean, Cultivated African Cowpea, Crowder Bean, Field Pea and Crowder Pea. These seeds are characterised by low purity, germination percentage, and seedling vigour. (1996).Wild Cowpea (Vigna unpidata) evolution.In: B. Pickersgill and J.M. It is necessary to When the cowpea reached the southern United States, it was a perfect marriage of plant, climate, and economic conditions. The use of resistant cultivars is among the best management option for this pest, but the success of this strategy is influenced by the stability of the resistant genotype to the cowpea aphid biotypes present in the major cowpea growing areas in a country. The importance of Cercospora leaf spot of cowpea appears to have diminished over the last 15-20 years, presumably because of the availability of resistant varieties. PASQUET ORSTOU, BP 11416, Niamey, Niger Abstract A new hypothesis of wild cowpea evolution is proposed, based on … The disease is of major economic importance on cowpea in Brazil where yield losses of 30-40 percent are reported. in Montana that can have an economic impact on crops. different regions of the country. The agronomic and economic importance of improved varieties has been demonstrated by previous authors (Zoundi et al., 2007, Palé et al., 2009, Bakayogo et al., 2011). Ha-1 ( Anonymous, 2012 ) State ’ s nutritional and economic value and! Lock JM ( eds ) Advances in Legume Systematics 8: Legumes economic! 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