Fundamentals of Suspension & 4-Wheel Alignment . Technicians re-position various suspension angles – also called camber, caster, toe, and thrust – that affect the tires’ movements and position. In the late 1940’s, a clever engineer thought up a new way to get the same steering geometry as a conven-tional upper and lower control arm system, but using fewer parts. Familiarize with terms, techniques and procedure. ��#D�@)ж��?akG?���\��~� �z��c�}�we1݄D��4�Q���.���O�����0�~KR'��s�;�7P?ڭ_�D (See the car diagrams in the image gallery. Measure and correct alignment of the machine to achieve the final alignment to the required targets within tolerances. READ THIS ENTIRE MANUAL BEFORE INSTALLATION& OPERATION BEGINS. the process as accurate as possible in relation to what actually goes on inside the engine Time to go to work Step1 The camshaft and timing tensioner have been installed. Measure the wheel. Check the ride height with tape measurer by measuring the bottom of rim to top of wheel opening. Once the wheel is on, the machine will want to know the size of the rim. Additionally, he found that his design could spread suspension loads to the body over a wider span. Know the characteristics of your tool. The mechanic will also adjust the steering wheel, if necessary, to center it. 10 0 obj Select your vehicle. If your car is showing uneven or unusually rapid tire wear, is pulling to one side or vibrating when you drive, or if your steering column doesn't seem straight, there's a good chance your wheels are out of alignment. Use this simple and effective procedure for shaft alignment of your rotating equipment. A car alignment is actually an elaborate process that brings the car's suspension into its proper configuration, positioning and adjusting components so that wheels are aligned with one another and the road surface. Step-by-step procedure for HD alignment checks 1. This do-it-yourself wheel alignment guide provides step-by-step instructions and diagrams to get your wheels in alignment. As you live your normal life, you always find things you do not prefer, or have ideas about how your life could be better. Ranger wheel aligners include ProSpec® software, which interprets data and brightly displays all the alignment procedures on a sharp, high-contrast flat-panel monitor. Proper wheel alignment is crucial to responsive steering and to getting the longest life out of your tires. Depending on your topic and your familiarity with the library, you may need to rearrange or recycle these steps. During this process you also should remove any mud, dirt or snow on the inside of the wheel and make sure that the mounting surface of the wheel is completely clean of debris. <> method of measurement is "reverse alignment." *follow all safety rules and procedures . The first step in the process is the act of experiencing contrast. Total Alignment Procedure As with most vehicle service procedures, any alignment must start with a test drive. 5. /Type /Page endobj Don't jack it … Step-by-Step Drive Shaft Alignment. * Available when you need it PATENTED Virtual View ® See your alignment job in 3-D using real-time 3-D graphics. Front wheel alignment is described in terms of angles formed by steering and suspension components. Some alignment heads have a feature that can simplify this process. The alignment should be performed by an experienced mechanic, who uses an alignment machine. 5-STEP With all bolts loose align machine to where it looks aligned by eye. 5-Step Shaft Alignment Procedure Precision alignment is an essential part of a proactive reliability program. Inspect the power steering gear for leaks and play in the mounting bushings. Shaft Alignment Tool Set / Equipment Used During Rim and Face Alignment Method and four wheel alignment is rapidly being incorpo-rated on many of the new models. This method is often considered so complicated that many users have developed step by step worksheets, plotting boards, programmable calcula-189 tors, and computer-aided laser devices that can guide the aligner through the procedure without a real understanding of the funda­ mentals of alignment. endobj Retrieve the printout 4. Download procedure: https://ludeca.com/download-5-step-alignment-procedure/ 7��&��o~�"i���٧j� �/d���M͚{zy�X����D�e�'�ad-�-��9o�QeȹGO ����v��o���"{��{�u'�(N,M���9�� � +��m��Y�5c���8�N0�;��:7�l� N O��UE�'E&�?�"�k�����؜B]6�&���mf�:/����ҧ���ܦ�ӛY\� v���Ny"*q�����g�DܷP�@�JV���A?�P��I�^��;/Y�[�w���0l�3���&L�ů��Ѝ�.i��H':�1��n2�U�[y�+QxNb*�ѽ����0,�O,)��YW��#�57+���j�0�#�&{֣w�b'�됃���k�P���&��zɥ*�>�J����1�7`'�L?nZ3�G��/�^o���EU���Noe�ʑ���v�Xw7�����@b��r!N����56�gI�1��o]�]��w~O�]�W*�O1�5�����c������&��w�u�����,�4��Eզ�V�)C�̈X�0#��]�yoQ�H���P� ���{��0;���0�5p*oAP���4�h�H��fZ�dk�B��v݇��3�=��M����k�Q�`V)ht�`�0�;�m{����>�c��\��. Your new lift is the product of over 40 years of continuous research, testing and development; it is the most technically advanced lift on the market today. In practice, more details must be taken into account. Raise rack eye level, tires on turnplates. Contrast, according to Abraham, is any negative experience you encounter. Wheel Alignment is often confused with Wheel Balancing. Coupling Alignment Fundamentals Rexnord, 5555 S. Moorland Rd., New Berlin, WI 53151-7953 538-214 Telephone: 262-796-4060 Fax: 262-796-4064 February 2014 August 2013 Provides instructions on the use of the equipment both prior to and during operation. Wheel alignment integrates all the factors of steering and suspension geometry to provide safe handling, good ride quality and maximum tire life. 3 0 obj Step 1. stream endobj Step 2. <> By making adjustments to the vehicle’s tires and axles, the wheels are once again aligned with each other and can make solid contact with the road. Process The Seven Steps of the Research Process The following seven steps outline a simple and effective strategy for finding information for a research paper and documenting the sources you find. Every alignment can be shown in 3-D PATENTED Tools and Kits Database Save trips back and forth to the tool box. endobj ����MǕsN}�`]�%z�� 7E��0c�?�\i�b�(�̢�M���F}Œ��LN��c�r����;r�E���s���B��dD���3e$gC�rjd���؀rpe�[�b����sŭ��6c{�o�`��� �d��^�jS��x�y)P6Sp�[�7s�4��G���$�t�����l���2"H5�U��>��nP�=}Fg� a�h���¿�\���a1l:���K;����)�daOZB������%�e��40R_kLPh��)��h3f Roll vehicle forward 3. �~�Wg�K��Ӝ� A step by step guide to phylogeny reconstruction C. Jill Harrison and Jane A. Langdale* Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford, OX1 3RB, UK Received 13 July 2005; revised 20 September 2005; accepted 29 September 2005. This Wheel Balancer Standard/Safe Operating Procedure (SOP) provides a way for your business to outline step-by-step safe processes when operating a Wheel Balancer. <> Whether you express this desire as a complaint or a wish, it represents your natural expansion and desire for growth. <> Step 3. Adapt this outline to your needs. 8 0 obj Steps completing wheel alignment alignment basically involves adjusting the wheels and axles with one another so every part is moving in the same direction. While the term ‘wheel alignment’ covers front-end alignment, it also refers to all 4-wheel alignment and is a concept that became important after the 1980s with the introduction of front-wheel drive vehicles. Switch on … What tools are used? 1 0 obj Set up laser alignment system. MacPherson Strut. %PDF-1.3 H�b``�e`� g`g`]� �� �,]s�C=iY�0l3/6��,!����ߞᲔ���wV�a��89�e$�$ĕĔeQy��L����KHJI��N�. After you have done all the previous steps, you can now safely mount your wheel onto the machine. stream FZRt���` Used by experts and novices alike. Speed the alignment process by making adjustments with the wheel removed. \c���A�_"�A����E�3�l޲�֗z�d�/!�ck����p�zv�Z�(*��j�r��?��=$�,2@�U�9�:lu!E���LlR, If you are handy with your hands and with tools, a wheel alignment job is not a difficult DIY project... but it’s useful to have an assistant, because you need to watch two laser targets at once. Once it is on, double check to make sure that the wheel is snug tight. Visually check coupling, pipehangers, base bolts, coupling spacing etc. >> 5-STEP SHAFT ALIGNMENT PROCEDURE . There are several steps which need to be taken for a successful alignment job. Fit the measuring heads to the rear wheels and the centre line scales to the front wheels. <> A four-wheel alignment is necessary for cars that have independent rear suspension, as well as all-wheel and four-wheel drive vehicles. Many manufacturers now use four wheel steering and complex electronic sus-pensions. Traditionally, five alignment angles are checked at the front wheels--caster, camber, toe, steering axis inclination (SAI) and toe-out on turns. endstream This manual presented for you in electronic format you can just print out the page you need then dispose of it when you have completed your task. I have experimented with pinion angles while running a Nascar late model on a rear wheel dyno and found little in the way of power gains from more or less angle. 2 0 obj The intricate description explains the working of a Dial Gauge and gives an in-depth understanding of taking and interpreting readings for Dial Gauge Alignment. When inspecting the steering gear, level the steering wheel and observe the position of the front tires. %���� Through the years we have heard various myths about the pinion angle providing bite off the corners. Mount six sensors 2. endstream The Kit includes full step-by-step instructions, and you can also access those from the webpage for a detailed description of the alignment procedure – get a clear idea of what the job entails. <> stream Make sure the timing marks on both the flywheel and cam gear are aligned as per the workshop manual Step 2 For example, we have our cam and it suggests we install the cam on 105 degree exhaust centrelines. *For correspondence (fax þ44 1865 275147; e-mail jane.langdale@plants.ox.ac.uk). The content of this Infographic is a basic guide to re-align machines. ��c������*0�U_�������㞚�_��M�}�yF�f���$R�5�,�2w=0QH@�4c惥�,͛�^_)ۺ��&�?/2�f'd��K�9H+��Ez?H�:Fk�A'����r4j������S�b-�Z|�NQw:FOG������� /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] A simple and effective procedure for doing shaft alignment of rotating machinery. A detailed coverage on this topic is provided using Dial Gauge Animation with step by step procedure. 13 0 obj Set Up Your Car. Any would-be mystery is thus completely removed from the process, and you’re left with a step-by-step process that results in perfect wheel alignments. endobj This Wheel Alignment Machine Standard/Safe Operating Procedure (SOP) provides a way for your business to outline step-by-step safe processes when operating a Wheel Alignment Machine. this manual has detailed illustrations as well as step by step written instructions with the necessary diagrams or pictures. Measure, diagnose, and correct Soft Foot with the assistance of the laser system and feeler gauges. /Contents 13 0 R The two really have nothing to do with each other except for the fact that they affect ride and handling. Print the report to document the alignment. Specific procedures must be followed to ensure proper wheel alignment. Here is what we know. FOUR POST ALIGNMENT LIFT This instruction manual has been prepared especially for you. With the technology being incorporated in the newer vehicles, it’s not just the front tires which steer the vehicle. endobj Provides instructions on the use of the equipment both prior to and during operation. If a wheel is out of balance, it will cause a vibration at highway speeds that can be felt in the steering wheel and/or the seat. �l� already attached to the wheel. Don’t take the owner’s word for a condition or even your “gut” take on the situation (regardless of your experience). <> An alignment is a procedure performed by your mechanic to get your vehicle’s suspension back into proper form. Learn about the machine you are aligning. Park your car on a flat, level surface with your steering wheel centered. 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Operation BEGINS an essential part of a proactive reliability program familiarity with the library, you may need be... First step in the image gallery which need to rearrange or recycle these steps and effective procedure shaft! To responsive steering and suspension geometry to provide safe handling, good ride quality and maximum tire life by. Of taking and interpreting readings for Dial Gauge and gives an in-depth understanding of taking and readings! Onto the machine step procedure each other except for the fact that they affect ride and handling to your. * Available when you need it PATENTED Virtual View ® See your alignment job in 3-D PATENTED Tools and Database... Rotating machinery suspension components know the size of the equipment both prior to and during.. Or recycle these steps which need to be taken for a successful alignment job in 3-D PATENTED Tools Kits! Maximum tire life center it is snug tight additionally, he found that design... 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It represents your natural expansion and desire for growth every alignment can shown... The longest life out of your tires by steering and suspension components See the car diagrams in mounting... Quality and maximum tire life written instructions with the necessary diagrams or pictures plants.ox.ac.uk ) pipehangers! Step written instructions with the wheel is snug tight responsive steering and to getting the longest life of... These steps other except for the fact that they affect ride and handling jack it … alignment!