mononucleosis medical definition

Learn more. This content does not have an English version. https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/mononucleosis. Infectious mononucleosis is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus and leads to fatigue, fever, sore throat affected tonsils and results in swollen lymph nodes.It is often confused with tonsillitis. Infectious mononucleosis (mono) is often called the kissing disease. It s contagious, but you re less likely to catch mono than other illnesses like the common cold. If your symptoms don't get better on their own in a week or two, see your doctor. Its incubation period is four to eight days. Mononucleosis, infection in humans, caused by the Epstein-Barr virus, whose most common symptoms are fever, general malaise, and sore throat. Signs and symptoms of mononucleosis may include: The virus has an incubation period of about four to six weeks, although in young children this period may be shorter. Infectious mononucleosis (often termed mono) is a disease most often caused by a virus. About infectious mononucleosis. Mononucleosis is sometimes called “the kissing disease,” but kissing isn’t the only way you can get it. Infectious mononucleosis is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus, which in teenagers and young adults may result in acute symptoms that last for several weeks.Fatigue and low energy can linger for several months. This video is unavailable. Any use of this site constitutes your agreement to the Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy linked below. People with weakened immune systems may include people with HIV/AIDS or people taking drugs to suppress immunity after an organ transplant. Mono is sometimes called “the kissing disease” because it spreads easily through bodily fluids like saliva. The virus spreads through saliva, which is why it's sometimes called "kissing disease." Mononucleosis, infection in humans, caused by the Epstein-Barr virus, whose most common symptoms are fever, general malaise, and sore throat. AskMayoExpert. Mono has an incubation period of 4 to 6 weeks. [ mŏn′ō-nōō′klē-ō ′sĭs ] A common infectious disease usually affecting young people, caused by the Epstein-Barr virus and characterized by fever, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes, and … Mononucleosis: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia Skip navigation mononucleosis definition: 1. an infectious disease that has an effect on particular glands and makes you feel weak and sick…. Fatigue 2. Watch Queue Queue Accessed 8/5/2020. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The infection can be spread by saliva. Mononucleosis definition, the presence of an abnormally large number of mononuclear leukocytes, or monocytes, in the blood. Infectious Mononucleosis at a Glance. Some may develop a measles-like rash, jaundice and tiny spots resembling bruises inside the mouth. You're most likely to get mononucleosis with all the signs and symptoms if you're a teen or young adult. This article focuses specifically on the Epstein-Barr virus as a cause of mono since this is the characteristic virus associated with the condition. Although the symptoms of mononucleosis are uncomfortable, the infection resolves on its own without long-term effects. See more. Also called "mono. ... or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. ... A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. He or she will look for signs such as swollen lymph nodes, tonsils, liver or spleen, and consider how these signs relate to the symptoms you describe. The first clinical description of what was probably infectious mononucleosis was published in 1885 when Pfeiffer 1 described a disorder termed Drüsenfieber (glandular fever). Aronson MD. Rupture of the spleen results in severe bleeding and is a medical emergency. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Mononucleosis can also result in less common complications, including: The Epstein-Barr virus can cause much more serious illness in people who have impaired immune systems. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. See also GLANDULAR FEVER (infectious mononucleosis). Learn more about mononucleosis in this article. The presence of an abnormally large number of white blood cells with single nuclei in the bloodstream. … Read medical definition of Mononucleosis. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. A number of conditions, including liver disease and some cancers, can cause your spleen to become enlarged. Definition. Mononucleosis is sometimes called “the kissing disease,” but kissing isn’t the only way you can get it. https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/infectious-diseases/herpesviruses/infectious-mononucleosis. Mononucleosis: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia Skip navigation Description. Reye's syndrome information page. Information and translations of mononucleosis in the most comprehensive dictionary … Definitions Medical Health Lab Medical Doctor Salud Medical Science Labs Healthy. If you're infected, you can help prevent spreading the virus to others by not kissing them and by not sharing food, dishes, glasses and utensils until several days after your fever has improved — and even longer, if possible. Learn from the experts at WebMD how to spot the signs of mono and get the right treatment. Accessed Dec. 1, 2020. Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System) Infectious Mononucleosis Definition (MEDLINEPLUS) Infectious mononucleosis, or "mono", is an infection usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. If you have mononucleosis, it's important to be careful of certain complications such as an enlarged spleen. Read medical definition of Mononucleosis. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. © 1998-2021 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). mononucleosis in Medical Dictionary illness because of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV, real human herpesvirus 4, HHV-4) by which discover a growth of white blood cells that have a single nucleus (monocytes). Medical Definition of mononucleosis. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical… If your institution subscribes to this resource, and you don't have a MyAccess Profile, please contact your library's reference desk for information on how to … Call 911 for all medical emergencies. If you've been experiencing the above symptoms, you may have mononucleosis. Mono occurs most often in teens and young adults. Most adults have been exposed to the Epstein-Barr virus and have built up antibodies. Accessed Dec. 1, 2020. They described the clinical characteristics of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infectious mononucleosis. In extreme cases, your spleen may rupture, causing sharp, sudden pain in the left side of your upper abdomen. These antibodies appear during or after an infection with the virus that causes mononucleosis, or mono. No vaccine exists to prevent mononucleosis. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples mononucleosis definition: 1. an infectious disease that has an effect on particular glands and makes you feel weak and sick…. Mononucleosis: Infection with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV, human herpesvirus 4, HHV-4) in which there is an increase of white blood cells that have a single nucleus (monocytes). Infectious mononucleosis definition, an acute, infectious form of mononucleosis associated with Epstein-Barr virus, characterized by sudden fever and a benign swelling of lymph nodes. Diagnostic modalities for infectious mononucleosis include: When infection with EBV occurs during adolescence or young adulthood, it causes infectious mononucleosis 35% to 50% of the time. And remember to wash your hands regularly to prevent spread of the virus. Mono occurs most often in teens and young adults. The infection can be spread by saliva. Mononucleosis: Infection with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV, human herpesvirus 4, HHV-4) in which there is an increase of white blood cells that have a single nucleus (monocytes). Learn more. You can get it through kissing, but you can also be exposed by sharing a glass or food utensils with someone who has mono. Swollen tonsils 6. The disease are spread by saliva. Infectious Diseases A-Z: When a kiss is more than a kiss, FREE book offer – Mayo Clinic Health Letter, New Year Special -  40% off – Mayo Clinic Diet Online. Mononucleosis Definition. Mononucleosis is an infectious illness that s sometimes called mono. Soft, swollen spleenThe virus has an incubation period of approximately four to six weeks, although in young children this period may be shorter. Infectious mononucleosis (often called "mono") is a common viral infection that causes:. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is the most common cause of infectious mononucleosis, but other viruses can also cause this disease. The most common cause of mononucleosis is the Epstein-Barr virus, but other viruses also can cause similar symptoms. This means they're immune and won't get mononucleosis. Most Common Signs and Symptoms Fever The infection can be spread by saliva. Infectious mononucleosis, or "mono", is an infection usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. Read medical definition of Mononucleosis. Epstein-Barr Virus Infections. Young children usually have few symptoms, and the infection often goes undiagnosed. Dowiedź się więcej. The mononucleosis symptoms of fatigue and lack of energy can linger for several months. Q. can mono kill you if it gets to the liver? Merck Manual Professional Version. infectious mononucleosis synonyms, infectious mononucleosis pronunciation, infectious mononucleosis translation, English dictionary definition of infectious mononucleosis. But fatigue, enlarged lymph nodes and a swollen spleen may last for a few weeks longer. Mononucleosis Definition. Define infectious mononucleosis. Mayo Clinic; 2019. We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage. Mononucleosis, otherwise known as mono, glandular fever, or the “kissing disease,” is a common illness, especially among teens and college students. Infectious mononucleosis (IM) is a viral infectious disease caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and is characterized by a triad of fever, tonsillar pharyngitis, and lymphadenopathy.. Synonyms. infectious mononucleosis a medical dictionary bibliography and annotated research guide to internet references Nov 07, 2020 Posted By Catherine Cookson Publishing TEXT ID 6110c30bf Online PDF Ebook Epub Library medical plavix a medical dictionary bibliography and annotated research guide to internet references pdf favorite ebook reading references james n parker philip m parker Mononucleosis, or mono, is a viral infection that causes fever, sore throat, and swollen lymph glands, most often in the neck. A species of Herpetoviridae that is responsible for infectious mononucleosis (glandular fever). Epstein-Barr Virus and Infectious Mononucleosis. People with infectious mononucleosis should avoid kissing others, regularly wash their hand and not share drink containers. An infectious disease with symptoms that include severe fatigue, fever, sore throat, and swollen lymph nodes in the neck and armpits. (On-line Medical Dictionary) Definition … Learn more. Infectious mononucleosis (IM, mono), also known as glandular fever, is an infection usually caused by the Epstein–Barr virus (EBV). Accessed 8/5/2020. It is common among teenagers and young adults, especially college students. Infectious mononucleosis, also called “mono,” is a contagious disease. Looking for online definition of mononucleosis or what mononucleosis stands for? Learn more about mononucleosis in this article. The disease is spread through saliva and can cause fever, sore throat, and swollen lymph nodes. Mononucleosis (Mono). See more. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Article by MedicineNet. What is the connection between fibromyalgia and glandular fever? ", Acute complications of Epstein-Barr virus infectious, How Safe is It to Prescribe Cephalosporins in Patients with Infectious, While cases of lymph node necrosis have been previously described in cases of infectious, According to the clinical presentation, the following differential diagnoses were proposed: drug reaction, infectious, Moreover in our case, regarding the clinical context, it was an atypical primarily EBV infection, as the peak incidence of, Fever (95%), lympadenopathy (94%), tonsillopharyngitis (70%), splenomegaly (50%), hepatomegaly (10-15%), palatal petechiae (25-60%) and less commonly jaundice, rash and periorbital edema constitute the clinical picture of infectious, Riley, said last week that she'd had an argument on the telephone with her daughter, who was being treated for, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Epstein-Barr Virus Hepatitis: A Review of Clinicopathologic Features and Differential Diagnosis, How Safe is It to Prescribe Cephalosporins in Patients with Infectious Mononucleosis? Infectious mononucleosis. This virus is spread through saliva, and you may catch it from kissing or from sharing food or drinks. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. The virus that causes mono (Epstein-Barr virus) is spread through saliva. Define infectious mononucleosis. Thus, we are going to cover briefly the most important signs and symptoms of mononucleosis and provide insightful advice as to how to detect this disease at its earliest stages. Infectious mononucleosis was first described by Sprunt and Evans in the Bulletin of the Johns Hopkins Hospital in 1920. Mononucleosis definition: Mononucleosis is a disease which causes swollen glands , fever , and a sore throat . Meaning of mononucleosis. Clinical manifestations and treatment of Epstein-Barr infection. Viruses, most commonly Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV), and certain infections cause the illness. Accessed 8/5/2020. ^ Free eBook Infectious Mononucleosis A Medical Dictionary Bibliography And Annotated Research Guide To Internet References ^ Uploaded By Jir? Accessed Dec. 1, 2020. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 6 Jan 2021), Cerner Multum™ (updated 4 Jan 2021), ASHP … https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Mononucleosis is an infectious illness that s sometimes called mono. Infectious Mononucleosis. The Epstein-Barr virus may persist in your saliva for months after the infection. Mayo Clinic is a not-for-profit organization. Vaccine updates, safe care and visitor guidelines, and trusted coronavirus information, Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Mayo Clinic School of Continuous Professional Development, Mayo Clinic School of Graduate Medical Education, Book: Mayo Clinic Family Health Book, 5th Edition, Newsletter: Mayo Clinic Health Letter — Digital Edition. 2. sis. Merck Manual. Learn from the experts at WebMD how to spot the signs of mono and get the right treatment. Complications of mononucleosis can sometimes be serious. n. 1. Mononucleosis and Epstein-Barr: What's the connection? This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Accessed Dec. 1, 2020. Your doctor may recommend a gradual exercise program to help you rebuild your strength as you recover. Noun. Define mononucleosis. Infectious mononucleosis. Presence of abnormally large numbers of mononuclear leukocytes in the circulating blood, especially with reference to forms that are not normal. CMV mononucleosis is estimated to comprise 7% of all infectious mononucleosis syndromes. Definition of Mononucleosis. Definition. Mononucleosis is an illness that commonly affects teenagers and young adults, but can affect children as well. In 1920, Sprunt and Evans 2 introduced the term infectious mononucleosis for an acute, self-limited syndrome of mononuclear leukocytosis in febrile patients. mononucleosis is listed in the World's largest and most authoritative dictionary database of abbreviations and acronyms. Infectious mononucleosis… A single copy of these materials may be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only. Its incubation period is four to eight weeks. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical… Infectious mononucleosis, also called “mono,” or “Kissing Disease” is a viral infection that spreads from one person to next (contagious) . Sore throat, perhaps misdiagnosed as strep throat, that doesn't get better after treatment with antibiotics, Swollen lymph nodes in your neck and armpits. Infectious mononucleosis mostly affects teenagers and young adults. Fever 4. Epstein-Barr virus, frequently referred to as EBV, is a member of the herpesvirus family and one of the most common human viruses. The incubation period refers to how long before your symptoms appear after being exposed to the virus. Swollen lymph nodes in your neck and armpits 5. This infection can cause major medical complications if not treated properly and promptly. — called also glandular fever, kissing disease, mono. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 6 Jan 2021), Cerner Multum™ (updated 4 Jan 2021), ASHP … It s contagious, but you re less likely to catch mono than other illnesses like the common cold. Your doctor may suspect mononucleosis based on your signs and symptoms, how long they've lasted and a physical examination. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. It is common among teenagers and young adults, Like EBV, it belongs to the herpes virus family, usually causes an asymptomatic infection early in life in most individuals, and then lies dormant and remains within the host … Accessed 8/5/2020. Discovered in 1964, this virus has been associated with Burkitt's lymphoma in South African children and with nasopharyngeal carcinoma in Asian populations. https://www.ninds.nih.gov/Disorders/All-Disorders/Reyes-Syndrome-Information-Page. The virus spreads through saliva, which is why it's sometimes called "kissing disease." Learn what causes mono and how it’s treated. Implications for Clinical ENT Practice, Splenic Infarction in Acute Cytomegalovirus and Human Parvovirus Concomitant Infection, Pancreatitis Combined with Epstein–Barr Virus-induced Infectious Mononucleosis, Traumatic Haemorrhagic Cervical Lymphadenopathy with Underlying Infectious Mononucleosis, A complicated course of acute viral induced pharyngitis, icteric hepatitis, acalculous cholecystitis, and skin rash, Epstein Barr virus infection and acalculous cholecystitis, a rare association in a pediatric patient, An 18-month old male infant with respiratory distress, Infectious mononucleosis or glandular fever revisited, monophasic basal body temperature pattern. mononucleosis synonyms, mononucleosis pronunciation, mononucleosis translation, English dictionary definition of mononucleosis. Sullivan JL. Watch Queue Queue. otherwise known as the kissing desiaes. mononucleosis - an acute disease characterized by fever and swollen lymph nodes and an abnormal increase of mononuclear leucocytes or monocytes in the bloodstream; not highly contagious; some believe it can be transmitted by kissing Medical Definition of infectious mononucleosis. What is mononucleosis (mono)? Its incubation period is four to eight weeks Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. Headache 7. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Coping and support. ; Mononucleosis is most commonly caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and it is most frequently diagnosed in teenagers and young adults. Infection with the Epstein Barr virus (EBV, human herpesvirus 4, HHV 4) in which there is an increase of white blood cells that have a single nucleus (monocytes). "Mayo," "Mayo Clinic," "MayoClinic.org," "Mayo Clinic Healthy Living," and the triple-shield Mayo Clinic logo are trademarks of Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Q. Epstein-Barr virus infection. All rights reserved. How can you protect yourself from this viral infection? Infectious mononucleosis (mono) is a condition usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) or, less commonly, cytomegalovirus (CMV).. Mono is sometimes called the "kissing disease" because it is spread through saliva, shared drinking cups and utensils, and close contact. https://www.cdc.gov/epstein-barr/about-mono.html. Mononucleosis: Infection with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV, human herpesvirus 4, HHV-4) in which there is an increase of white blood cells that have a single nucleus (monocytes). See more. Infectious mononucleosis, "mono," "kissing disease," and glandular fever are all terms popularly used for the very common infection typically caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), but other viruses can also cause the disease. : an abnormal increase of mononuclear white blood cells in the blood specifically : infectious mononucleosis. Ask your doctor about when it's safe for you to resume your normal level of activity. Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic. Mononucleosis, or mono, is a viral infection that causes fever, sore throat, and swollen lymph glands, most often in the neck. The mononucleosis spot test looks for 2 antibodies in the blood. Mononucleosis is a contagious illness caused by the Epstein-Barr virus that can affect the liver, lymph nodes, and mouth. Make a donation. Signs and symptoms such as a fever and sore throat usually lessen within a couple of weeks. About MyAccess. Dictionary entry details • MONONUCLEOSIS (noun) Sense 1. Characteristics of Mononucleosis and its Causes. Definition. Description. Rest and enough fluids are keys to recovery. Sore throat, perhaps misdiagnosed as strep throat, that doesn't get better after treatment with antibiotics 3. Signs and symptoms of mononucleosis may include: 1. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Mononucleosis infectiosa; Pfeiffer’s disease or Pfeiffer‘s glandular fever ( mon'ō-nū-klē-ō'sis) Presence of abnormally large numbers of mononuclear leukocytes in the circulating blood, especially with reference to forms that are not normal. 1. infectious mononucleosis - an acute disease characterized by fever and swollen lymph nodes and an abnormal increase of mononuclear leucocytes or monocytes in the bloodstream; not highly contagious; some believe it can be transmitted by kissing. Description. mononucleosis Any condition featuring an abnormal number of monocytes in the blood. Definition of mononucleosis in the Definitions.net dictionary. Symptoms and signs include chills, followed by fever, sore throat (often severe), enlarged tonsils, swollen lymph glands especially in the neck, muscle aches, headaches and severe fatigue. Infectious mononucleosis is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus, which in teenagers and young adults may result in acute symptoms that last for several weeks.Fatigue and low energy can linger for several months. mononucleosis meaning: 1. an infectious disease that has an effect on particular glands and makes you feel weak and sick…. fever,; sore throat,; enlarged tonsils, and; swollen lymph nodes. The illness is spread by casual contact, usually via saliva. mononucleosis. Accessed Dec. 1, 2020. Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012. The infection can be spread by … Meaning: An acute disease characterized by fever and swollen lymph nodes and an abnormal increase of mononuclear leucocytes or monocytes in the bloodstream; not highly contagious; some believe it can be transmitted by kissing Infectious mononucleosis, "mono," "kissing disease," and glandular fever are all terms popularly used for the very common infection typically caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), but other viruses can also cause the disease. However, mononucleosis isn't as contagious as some infections, such as the common cold. infectious mononucleosis synonyms, infectious mononucleosis pronunciation, infectious mononucleosis translation, English dictionary definition of infectious mononucleosis. : an acute infectious disease associated with Epstein-Barr virus that is characterized especially by fever, sore throat, swollen lymph nodes, fatigue, and lymphocytosis and occurs primarily in adolescents and young adults —abbreviation IM. American Academy of Pediatrics. Definition of mononucleosis noun in Oxford Advanced American Dictionary. mononucleosis definicja: 1. an infectious disease that has an effect on particular glands and makes you feel weak and sick…. Mononucleosis is spread through saliva. mononucleosis is listed in the World's largest and most authoritative dictionary database of abbreviations and acronyms. Infectious Mononucleosis . The disease occurs predominantly in persons from 10 to 35 years old, but it is known to appear at any age. ... or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Illness usually lasts between one week and several weeks. Mononucleosis may cause enlargement of the spleen. Infectious mononucleosis, or mono, is commonly referred to as the “kissing disease” because it’s spread through saliva. The spleen is a small organ normally about the size of your fist. Most people are infected by the virus as children, when the disease produces few or no symptoms. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. Introduction. Here are key facts about infectious mononucleosis: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a contagious infection that causes infectious mononucleosis. If such pain occurs, seek medical attention immediately — you may need surgery. This article focuses specifically on the Epstein-Barr virus as a cause of mono since this is the characteristic virus associated with the condition. The disease occurs predominantly in persons from 10 to 35 years old, but it is known to appear at any age. ; Mononucleosis generally resolves without medical help, though it may last from weeks to … Looking for online definition of mononucleosis or what mononucleosis stands for? Infectious mononucleosis definition, an acute, infectious form of mononucleosis associated with Epstein-Barr virus, characterized by sudden fever and a benign swelling of lymph nodes. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is the most common cause of infectious mononucleosis, but other viruses can also cause this disease. Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. Skin rash 8. This content does not have an Arabic version. In young adults, the disease often results in fever, sore throat, enlarged lymph nodes in the neck, and tiredness. Akagawa, this is a 3 in 1 reference book it gives a complete medical dictionary covering hundreds of terms and expressions relating to infectious mononucleosis it also gives extensive lists of It s contagious, but you re less likely to get mononucleosis mononucleosis medical definition the! Such as an enlarged spleen and Research ( MFMER ) ), and you may have mononucleosis why it safe. Infection usually caused by the virus on your signs and symptoms of mononucleosis what! 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