how did pericles contribute to athenian greatness

Answers (1) Maelyn 3 October, 08:00. After the second defeat of the Persians, all of Greece rejoiced. He paved war for an imperialist Athens that would rival the neighboring cities like Sparta. His views and oratory did much to democratize Athens and they still inspire democrats to this day. With Hippias gone and the tyranny over, the leader of the Alcmaeonid family, Cleisthenes, started to put his own political system into power in Classical Athens. The economy thrived and the government became more democratic. Pericles was an Athenian statesman. The Persian War, begun as an ill-considered gesture in 499, could be considered ultimately successful. Pericles met the situation in part by extending a network of Athenian settlements throughout what may now be called the empire, thus strengthening Athenian control and providing new land for the growing Athenian population. During the Second Sacred War Pericles led the Athenian army against Delphi and reinstated Phocis in its sovereign rights on the oracle. He’s been called a hawk, a charismatic leader, a demagogue, a populist and a gifted orator. The League was so named because its treasury was originally located on the island of the same name. Lecture 16 - Radical Democracy in the Age of Pericles. Pericles was an Athenian statesman, he led many naval expeditions in more that 20 years. His masterful oratory skills helped him rise to the top of Athenian politics where he began to introduce government reforms. Which side of Europe did Germany invade first-east or west? Pericles married in his late 20s but divorced some 10 years later. This helped his father, Xanthippus, focus on a political career. Funeral Oration. Because of a law he supported restricting Athenian citizenship to those of Athenian parentage on both sides, marriage was impossible. These sources are not all ascertainable, but they certainly preserve an invaluable amount of fact and contemporary gossip, which is sometimes nearly as useful. Among the contributions made by Pericles to the Athenian democracy was the payment of magistrates. He gave a speech in Athens, a public speech, honoring the many warriors who were killed in battle after the first year of the Peloponnesian War. Omissions? Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The last phase in the political development of Athens and its democracy occurred during the political ascendancy of the democratic leader Pericles. Ten years later when the treasury at Delos moved to Athens Pericles took advantage of the wealth to improve the city structurally, productively, and economically. He was known for being unscrupulously honest. He made the Acropolis of Athens as a symbol of the greatness of the city. Pericles was an Athenian statesman, he led many naval expeditions in more that 20 years. The only name associated with his early education is that of the musical theorist Damon, whose influence, it is said, was not just confined to music. In the winter of 478/7 a meeting was held at the island of Delos. The objective of this league was to ‘compensate themselves for losses by ravaging t… Athenian women were dedicated to the care and upkeep of the family home. How did the growth of the Athenian power lead to war? Pericles goes to great lengths to detail the glory and the esteem of the Athenian empire. Why do you think such a law exists in the first place? Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. His achievements included the construction of the Acropolis, begun in 447. Thucydides hints at the same thing; although he is generally regarded as an admirer of Pericles, the great historian has, at this point, been criticised for bias towards Sparta. That Pericles’ skull was of unusual shape seems well attested, but one can hardly speculate about the possible psychological consequences. Together, they had overcome the mightiest empire the world had ever seen. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Cleisthenes wanted power for himself, but he didn’t want another tyranny. download word file, 4 pages, 3.0 He did not lose his reign till his death. Perhaps outbid in his search for popular support, Xanthippus was ostracized in 484 bce, though he returned in 480 to command the Athenian force at Mycale in 479, probably dying soon after. How did Pericles contribute to Athenian greatness? With the final defeat of the Persians, mainland Greece was safe from invasion. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Pericles-Athenian-statesman, Ancient History Encyclopedia - Biography of Pericles, Encyclopedia Virginia - Biography of Patrick Henry, Pericles - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Pericles - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). His Alcmaeonid mother, Agariste, provided him with relationships of sharply diminishing political value and her family curse, a religious defilement that was occasionally used against him by his enemies. Who was the chief justice of the supreme court in the 1950's and 1960's and how did he tend to rule. One hundred years later, an orator argued for firm distinctions of status on the ground that the law provided even the poorest Athenian girl with a dowry in the form of her citizenship. Knowledge of the life of Pericles derives largely from two sources. The causes of the Peloponnesian War have been much debated, but most ancient historians laid the blame on Pericles and Athens. Pericles, (born c. 495 bce, Athens—died 429, Athens), Athenian statesman largely responsible for the full development, in the later 5th century bce, of both the Athenian democracy and the Athenian empire, making Athens the political and cultural focus of Greece. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. This was one reason the Athenians under Pericles decided to limit the people eligible to hold office. In 1994 at a meeting in indonesia, the united states reached an agreement with the pacific rim nations to, Why did peasants generally support Luther's religious ideas. He introduced the practice of paying citizens to serve on juries, which allowed poor men to … About forty years later Pericles, with a statesman named Ephialtes, diminished the Areopagus, which was a council of corrupt aristocrats. From him Pericles may have inherited a leaning toward the people, along with landed property at Cholargus, just north of Athens, which put him high, though not quite at the highest level, on the Athenian pyramid of wealth. A few days before Pericles’ birth, according to the Greek historian Herodotus, Agariste dreamed she bore a lion. Pericles came from a rich and high-ranking noble family. How did Pericles contribute to the Athenian greatness? Here, a group of independent Greek city-states, including Athens, decided to form a voluntary organisation called the League of Delos. This was one reason the Athenians under Pericles decided to limit the people eligible to hold office. How is the history of king Leopold taught in the Congo? He brought forth Athens to prestige especially during the Peloponnesian War implementing his so-called Periclean Grand Strategy. was the Athenian leader responsible for rebuilding the state of Athens when the Persian wars came to an end. 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